“Philip of Macedon” by George Cawkwell

A standard—looking textbook, first published in 1978. I didn’t read it all, just plundered it for background after reading The Fire from Heaven; this showed how close Mary Renault’s account was to the sources (almost diminishing her imagination). I particularly enjoyed reading Cawkwell’s accounts of the Battle of Chaeronea, and of Philip’s assassination.
But the best bit, and worth anyone taking a look, is the final section, considering alternative histories: what if Philip had lived? Would he have, unlike his son, accepted the Great King’s offer of splitting territories at the Euphrates? If he had, would a Rome have been able to confront and defeat a unified Macedonian Empire wrapped round the eastern end of the Mediterranean?
And, if Philip had died when he in fact did, but had Alexander lived longer, would he have carried out his plan to Hellenise the south coast of Iran, and perhaps even the north—east coast of Africa?


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